Book Description |  Table of Contents |  Authors

The Genesis Debate: Three Views on the Days of Creation

David G. Hagopian, Editor

The 24-hour View
J. Ligon Duncan III and David W. Hall

The Day-Age View
Hugh Ross and Gleason L. Archer

The Framework View
Lee Irons with Meredith G. Kline


"The Genesis Debate paves the way for the Christian community to work toward consensus regarding the creation account in Genesis 1 and 2. Regardless of whether you hold to the 24-hour, day-age, or framework view, The Genesis Debate is a worthwhile volume that will help you better understand the biblical doctrine of creation." (Norman L. Geisler, from the Foreword)

"For years those who affirm the Bible is without error have had differences about the days of creation. Here six able men each committed to the absolute authority of Scripture, charitably discuss those differences. Regardless of which view you hold, The Genesis Debate is a powerful read for anyone interested in the creation debate. It will make you think and deepen your faith, helping you to see that God not only made the world, and all that is in it, but that He did it by the Word of His power, and for His glory." (R.C. Sproul, Jr., Editor of Tabletalk)

"The scene is clear under the western sky: Darwinists fire flaming arrows into our circled wagons, while Christians point pistols sometimes at the opposition, but often at each other. The Genesis Debate shows a better way: Discuss differences honestly and charitably, as we reload to stop the concentrated attack that could destroy us all." (Marvin Olasky, Senior Fellow, Acton Institute for the Study of Religion and Liberty)

"The Genesis Debate makes for interesting reading and serious discussion among all who hold the Bible in high esteem. The three positions defended here are clearly all within the boundaries of orthodoxy. Each view receives a fair hearing and each is well critiqued by those who hold the differing positions. Perhaps the best contribution this excellent book will make is the way it forces the reader to see three differing ways to read Genesis 1 and 2 without unnecessarily dividing the church into three argumentative and polarized camps. I am more resolved to encourage this discussion to greater depths of study and earnest discussion after reading this important book." (John H. Armstrong, President, Reformation & Revival Ministries, Inc.)



Are the Genesis Creation Days 24 hours Long? Ages of Time? Or a Literary Framework? For some time, the Christian community has needed to have committed evangelicals charitably discuss their competing views about the creation days in a single volume. That need has given birth to The Genesis Debate: Three Views on the Days of Creation.

As the title indicates, this volume gives proponents of three evangelical schools of thought the opportunity to explain their respective views and to interact directly and meaningfully with one another. The three views presented are known as the 24-hour, day-age, and framework views.

The 24-hour view holds that God created the universe and all life in six sequential natural days marked by evenings and mornings. According to this view, God created the universe and all life in approximately 144 hours and in the sequence presented in Genesis 1. Defending this view are J. Ligon Duncan III and David W. Hall.

The day-age view, defended by Hugh Ross and Gleason L. Archer, agrees with the 24-hour view that the events recorded in Genesis 1 are sequential. The day-age view, however, parts company with the 24-hour view regarding the length of the creation days. According to the day-age view, God did not create the universe and all life in six 24-hour days, but in six sequential ages of unspecified, though finite, duration.

The framework view holds that the days of Genesis form a figurative framework in which the divine works of creation are narrated in a topical, rather than sequential, order. This view holds that the picture of God completing His work of creation in six days and resting on the seventh was not intended to reveal the sequence or duration of creation, but to proclaim an eschatological theology of creation. Lee Irons defends this view in consultation with Meredith G. Kline.

Part One focuses on the 24-hour view, presenting the 24-hour opening essay, followed by the day-age and framework responses, and closing with the 24-hour reply. Part Two repeats this pattern with the day-age view, and Part Three presents the framework view.



Part One: The 24-Hour View

The 24-Hour View
The Day-Age Response
The Framework Response
The 24-Hour Reply

Part Two: The Day-Age View

The Day-Age View
The 24-Hour Response
The Framework Response
The Day-Age Reply

Part Three: The Framework View

The Framework View
The 24-Hour Response
The Day-Age Response
The Framework Reply


The Authors

J. Ligon Duncan III (B.A., Furman University; M.A. and M.Div., Covenant Theological Seminary; Ph.D., University of Edinburgh) is Senior Minister of the historic First Presbyterian Church in Jackson, Mississippi (PCA), and Adjunct Professor of Systematic Theology at Reformed Theological Seminary in Jackson, Mississippi. He is the author of Covenant in the New Testament, co-author of The Westminster Assembly, and has written several articles for publications such as the Scottish Bulletin of Evangelical Theology, Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, Christian Observer, Tabletalk, Modern Reformation, Premise, and The Presbyterian Witness.

David W. Hall (B.A., University of Memphis and M.Div., Covenant Theological Seminary) is Pastor of The Covenant Presbyterian Church in Oak Ridge, Tennessee (PCA), editor of and contributor to Did God Create in Six Days?, and author of several scholarly works, including The Arrogance of the Modern, Paradigms in Polity, Evangelical Hermeneutics,, Evangelical Apologetics. He also has written articles for publications such as The Presbyter's Review, Premise, Antithesis, and The Journal of Biblical Ethics in Medicine.

Hugh Ross (B.Sc., University of British Columbia; M.Sc., and Ph.D., University of Toronto) is President and Director of Research with Reasons To Believe), Former Minister of Evangelism at Sierra Madre Congregational Church, and author of five best-selling books, including, including The Fingerprint of God, including Creation and Time, The Creator and the Cosmos, Beyond the Cosmos, and The Genesis Question. He also has written articles for publications such as Nature, The Astrophysical Journal, Die Sterne, World Magazine, Christianity Today, Moody Monthly, Eternity, Decision, and Philosophia Christi.

Gleason L. Archer (B.A., A.M., Ph.D., Harvard University; B.D., Princeton Theological Seminary, and L.L.B., Suffolk University Law School) is Professor Emeritus of Old Testament and Semitic Studies at Trinity Evangelical Seminary. He translated the Old Testament of the New American Standard Bible, is the co-author of A Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament, and is the author of several scholarly and popular volumes, including A Survey of Old Testament Introduction, and Encyclopedia of Bible Difficulties.

Lee Irons (B.A., University of California, Los Angeles, M.Div., Westminster Theological Seminary in California) is Pastor of Redeemer OPC, and author of several scholarly essays for Always Reformed and Creator, Redeemer, Consummator. He also has written articles for publications such as Modern Reformation, Reformation and Revival, Kerux, Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith, and Ordained Servant.

Meredith G. Kline (A.B., Gordon College, Th.B. and Th.M., Westminster Theological Seminary (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) and Ph.D., Dropsie University) is Emeritus Professor of Old Testament at Gordon Conwell and Professor of Old Testament at Westminster Theological Seminary and author or several scholarly books, including Treaty of the Great King, By Oath Consigned, The Structure of Biblical Authority, Images of the Spirit, and Kingdom Prologue, and several articles, including "Because It Had Not Rained" in the Westminster Theological Journal and "Space and Time in the Genesis Cosmogony" in Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith.

home  |  products  |  contact  |  about us